maandag 15 mei 2017

French infantry standard 1793

In the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam they have a French Standard of 1793. Unknown is the unit as the number position is not filled in., So if this is a genuine flag I don't know. But he's pretty.

The flag is 2.16m * 1.80 meter.

vrijdag 5 mei 2017

Dutch Army of 1794 (2)

For the campaign of 1794 a field army was organised in which only a part of the total armystrenth was available. This was partly because of the losses in earlier campaigns but also because the Dutch army needed numerous garrisons for the cities of the Netherlands.
The line infantry was composed of battalions of 6 companies (out of 12 companies of each regiment) plus converged grenadiers of the various regiments (2 grenadiercompanies of 3 regiments formed a grenadier battalion).
The line field battalions had a strength of 504 men (guard battalions), 510 men (Swiss) or 432 men (other battlions. The grenadier battalions had a strength of 384 men.
Mind you, this was the official strength at the start of the 1794 campaign and quickly these numbers became less through losses, sickness and desertion.
The field battalions were as follows:

LINIE INFANTERIE Infanterie veldbataljons
regiment veld bataljon Gardes veld        bataljon Zwitsers veld        bataljon linie
Hollandse Gardes 6
Oranje Gelderland 6
Oranje Stad en Lande en Drenthe 6
Oranje Nassau 2 6
Van Maneil 6
Van Dopff 6
Von Wilcke (vh d'Envie) 6
Van Welderen 6
Bosc de la Calmette 6
Bedaulx 6
Hessen-Darmstadt 6
De Petit 6
van Plettenberg 6
van Wartensleben (vh van Pabst) 6
Waldeck 1e regiment 6
Zwitserse Gardes 6
Hirzel 6
Stockar de Neuforn 6
De Gumoëns 6
Schmid 6
May 6
compagnieën 12 30 84
bataljons 2 10 14
officieren en manschappen  504 510 432
1.008 5.100 6.048 12.156

GRENADIERS Each 2 companies of the following 3 regiments (a total of 384 men or a grand total of 3.456 grenadiers)
van Raesfeldt Van Maneil Douglas (mariniers) Bentinck
Von Buseck Van Dopff Van Brakell De Thouars (vh van Quadt)
Van Dongen Oranje Gelderland Oranje Vriesland Oranje Stad en Lande en Drenthe
Mollenbruyn van Plettenberg van Baden Nassau-Usingen
Van Plettenberg De Schepper Bedaulx van Nijvenheim
Prinz von Reusz van Wartensleben (vh van Pabst) von Geusau (vh Wiguer, vh Baden) Westerlo (mariniers)
Prins von Hessen-Philipsthal Des Villates Van Welderen Bosc de la Calmette
Van Panhuijs De Bons van Mönster Stuart
Van Solms Oranje Nassau 1 Oranje Nassau 2 W.F. Erfprince van Orange en Nassau

5e bataljon Waldeck 280
Bataljon Walen van Perez 280
Bataljon Jagers van Bylandt 198
Korps van Damas 250
Korps van Béon  494
Korps van Mathieu 277

Dutch Army of 1794 (1)

The Dutch army in the 1794 campaign is described in the book by FHA Sabron: "De oorlog van 1794-1795 op het grondgebied van de Republiek der Vereenigde Nederlanden" (2 volumes).
Together with information from some other Dutch books, the following information can be given.

The total infantry (line and light) of the Dutch States in 1794 were as underneath.
The first column gives the identification of the regiment which was on various items of equipment as wagons etc.
The 3rd column gives the name of the province which paid for the regiment or it was paid by the States General (Staten).
The fouth column gives the nationality as: nothing mentioned: Dutch, D = Duits (German), ZW=Zwitsers (Swiss), W=Waals (Wallon), I=Immigranten (French immigrants).
Each regiment had 14 companies in 2 battlions or per battalion a company of grenadiers and 6 of musketeers.

regiment compagnie(en) per regiment in 2 bataljons
afkorting Naam Repartitie van afkomst musketeers grenadiers
R.H.G. Hollandse Gardes Staten 12 2
R.O.G. Oranje Gelderland Gelderland 12 2
R.O.F. Oranje Vriesland Vriesland 12 2
R.O.St. en L. Oranje Stad en Lande en Drenthe Stad en Lande 12 2
R.O.N. no 1. Oranje Nassau 1 Holland D 12 2
R.O.N. no 2. Oranje Nassau 2 Holland D 12 2
R.O.N. no 3. W.F. Erfprince van Orange en Nassau Holland D 12 2
R.No.1 De Schepper Vriesland 12 2
R.No.2 Van Maneil Stad en Lande 12 2
R.No.3 Van Dopff Holland 12 2
R.No.4 Von Wilcke (vh d'Envie) Holland 12 2
R.No.5 Des Villates Holland 12 2
R.No.6 Van Welderen Gelderland 12 2
R.No.7 De Bons Holland 12 2
R.No.8 Bosc de la Calmette Holland 12 2
R.No.9 Van Randwyck Holland 12 2
R.No.10 Van Brakell Zeeland 12 2
R.No.11 opgeheven (vh van Dam)
R.No.12 Bedaulx Holland 12 2
R.No.13 De Thouars (vh van Quadt) Holland 12 2
R.No.14 Hessen-Darmstadt Holland D 12 2
R.No.15 De Petit Holland 12 2
R.No.16 van Mönster Utrecht 12 2
R.No.17 van Plettenberg Vriesland 12 2
R.No.18 van Wartensleben (vh van Pabst) Holland 12 2
R.No.19 Douglas (mariniers) Zeeland 12 2
R.No.20 von Geusau (vh Wiguer, vh Baden) Overijssel 12 2
R.No.21 Westerlo (mariniers) Holland 12 2
R.No.22 van Nijvenheim Holland 12 2
R.No.23 Stuart Holland 12 2
R.No.24 Bentinck Holland 12 2
R.F.V.W. no 1. Waldeck 1e regiment Holland D 12 2
R.F.V.W. no 2. Waldeck 2e regiment Holland D 12 2
van Baden Holland D 12 2
R.S.G. Saxen-Gotha Holland D 12 2
R.W. Nassau-Usingen Holland W 12 2
Zwitserse Gardes Staten ZW 8
R.Z. no 1. Hirzel ZW 12
R.Z. no 2. Stockar de Neuforn ZW 12
R.Z. no 3. De Gumoëns ZW 12
R.Z. no 4. Schmid ZW 12
R.Z. no 5. May ZW 12
5e bataljon Waldeck Holland D
G.W. Bataljon Walen van Perez Holland W
Bataljon Jagers van Bylandt
Korps van Damas I
Korps van Béon  I
Korps van Mathieu I

dinsdag 25 april 2017

Dutch infantry flags (2)

In 1752 the Dutch army was reorganised so that all infantry regiments, be it National, German, Scottish or Swiss, would have two battalions.
Afaik an exception was the Walloon regiment which remained until 1793/1794 at a strength of 3 battalions. After that, one battalion was made a stand alone battlion and the Walloon regimetns consitst of two battalions as other regiments.

Every battalion had 7 companies: 1 grenadier and 6 fusilier.
An exception to this rule were the Swiss regiments:
- the guard Swiss had 4 companies
- the Swiss line had 6 companies
Guard and Swiss line had the grenadiers included in the line companies so had no seperate  grenadier companies.
Existing regiments were combined into this new structure or disbanded.

Although I have found no definitive proof, I think that this reorganisation led to new flags for the regiments but it is possible that the regiment which existed and into another regiment was added, kept its old flag.
The new regiment now had two flags per battalion:
- the flag of the province who paid for the regiment (see underneath) and
- the flag of the colonel
The Swiss guards were again an exeption as they had a flag for each company (but I don't know if they were carried in the field)

Afaik up to this moment the flag of the province was "ecru" coloured (or an off-white colour) with the coat of arms of the province mostly on a field of throphies like flags, cannons etc with the banner of the provincial motto and various small extras as grenades in the corners of the flag or arms with swords coming out of the cloud.
Of most provinces, flags of the revolutionary period are known and I will shown them here in the near future.

The flags of the colonel/owner, probably coloured, are very rare (better-none exists anymore) as these flags were taken by the colonel as the regiment was disbanded or the regiment received a new propietor. Also no prints exists of Dutch flags (at least I don't know) of this period.

maandag 24 april 2017

Dutch infantry flags (1) Flag Dutch Guard (Hollandse Garde) 1792-1795

The Hollandse Garde received in 1788 their new flags.
In the Rijksmuseum there is only the white (ecru) flag but probably there was an orange one also.
See the underneath pictures.

The flag on the left is appr 1 meter x 1 meter and the same for both sides. The orange flag (on the right picture) is  not very clear but probably show an arm with sword coming out of a cloud within a green laural.
The picture on the right is by Hoynck van Papendrecht, underneath is the original painting by Tethart Haag dated 1788.
The grenadiers of the Hollandse Garde are shown in the bearskin with frontplate although a bearskin without plate was officially ordered.

Tethart Philipp Christian Haag

Trent additions

Trent has three additions to their Irish range; two characters (Josef Holt and Martin Dwyer) plus a set of cavalry with seperate heads and arms to make various poses.

New additions to Great War Miniatures Russians and Swedish

Although no pictures appeared on the North Star site yet, there are some more packs of Russians and Swedes of the Potemkin War range.
Line infantry in attacking poses for both countries are available together with command, for the Russians followed by Leib grenadiers and infantry in summer uniform.

Reiver castings new french revolutionary figures

Very quietly Reiver Castings brought out some new packs for the French Revolution.
There are four additions to the British 1792-1800 range and 2 packs of Vendean troops.
Pictures are on the Reiver Casting website and underneath starting with 2 packs of British artillery (foot and horse)

followed by the cavalry which has the troopers plus a pack of horse command

and at last two packs of Vendean troops; the first with muskets, the second with pitchforcks

All these figures looks nice and are welcome editions to the  Revolutionary range. Haven't seen them in the flesh yet but at leat the British will appear on the table someday.
Hopefully more additions will follow.
Suggestions (hint, hint) are of course artillery in round hats, licht cavalry, more active poses for the ligth infantry etc etc