maandag 16 september 2019

The regiment De Meuron

The VOC (Dutch East-Indian Company) had hired the Swiss regiment de Meuron. After the British conquered the Dutch possessions this regiment went into British pay,

The regiment had a regimental (2 examples) and colonels flag as can be seen underneath




























And a uniform picture:


dinsdag 20 augustus 2019

The back of Dutch FR uniforms

Most of the pictures of the FR Dutch units are taken from the front.
Some pictures of their back are underneath.
Guard grenadier and drummer

Guard officers




zondag 10 februari 2019

Demo at the Ghent Wargames Show (Warcon)

We try each year to have a demo at the Warcon (Ghent) wargames show.
The show is very friendly and growing in traders and clubs each year.

This year we took an 1793 French Revolution game with us.
Some pictures underneath:












woensdag 30 januari 2019

Batavian Army 1795-1806 (1)

Some information about the Batavian army.

So starting with the organisation and changes during its existance.
The information is from the book:
"De uniformen van de Nederlandsche Zee- en Landmacht hier te lande en in de koloniën" from F.J.G. ten Raa ('s Gravenhage 1800)

Infantry organisation changes
July 8th, 1795 in the service of the Batavian Republic
6 Halve Brigades each 3 battalions each 1 grenadier and 8 fusilier companies
4 batallions jagers each 6 companies
Regiment Saxen-Gotha of 2 battalions each 1 grenadier and 6 fusilier companies
1st Regiment Waldeck of 2 battalions each 1 grenadier and 6 fusilier companies
2nd Regiment Waldeck of 2 battalions each 1 grenadier and 6 fusilier companies
5th battalion Waldeck 1 grenadier, 6 Musketier and 1 jager company
          5th Waldeck changed on August 19th 1800: grenadier company dissolved
September 22nd 1795 a 7th half brigade of same strength as first 6 in the service of the province of Holland and Utrecht
March 1st 1796 the 7th half Brigade in the service of the Batavian Republic
March 29th 1802 For the colonies a 22nd battalion was raised from the 1st Marine battalion, a 23rd battalion from the 2nd marine battallion. Each of 1 grenadier and 8 musketier companies. The 5th battalion Waldeck becomes a colonial unit.
October 21st 1803 The halfbrigades formation were dissolved; the battalions became independant battalions 
there existed now:
21 battalions of infantry (numbered 1 to 21)
4 battalions of jagers
June 11th 1805 The seperate line battalions were regrouped into 8 regiments of the line
each of:
2 field battalions each of 1 company of grenadiers and 4 companies of fusiliers
1 garrsion battalion of 4 companies of fusiliers
the jager battalions were regrouped into 2 light regiments 
each of:
2 battalions each of 1 company of company d'elite and 4 regular companies
(on august 10th 1805 the companies d'elite were renamed in Karabiniers)
June 11th 1805 A guard corps is raised with the title: Lijfwacht van zijne Excellentie der Heere Raad-Pensionaris
The infantry component consists of
1 battalion Grenadiers consisting of 8 companies
2 companies Garde-lichte infantry
Cavalry organisation changes
July 8th, 1795 from the old regiments there were raised 4 cavalry regiments each of 4 squadrons each of 2 companies
Regiment Dragonders
1st Regiment Cavalerie
2nd Regiment Cavalerie
Regiment Huzaren
October 20th, 1803 Regiment Dragonders were renamed as Regiment Dragonders van Linie
1st Regiment Cavalerie became the 1st Regiment Lichte dragonders
2nd Regiment Cavalerie became 2nd Regiment Lichte dragonders
June 11th 1805 2nd Regiment Lichte dragonders is disbanded
Regiment Dragonders van Linie becomes 1st Regiment Dragonders
1st Regiment Lichte Dragonders becomes 2nd Regiment Dragonders
June 11th 1805 A guard corps is raised with the title: Lijfwacht van zijne Excellentie der Heere Raad-Pensionaris
The cavalry component consists of
2 companies of Garde Dragonders 
1 company of Garde Huzaren
Artillerie organisation changes
July 8th 1795 artillery of the line 4 battalions each of 6 companies
horse artillery 1 brigade of 2 companies
pontonniers 1 company
January 15th 1800 artillery of the line 4 battalions each of 5 companies (1 company disbanded)
July 26th 1804 artillery of the line becomes: regiment of Artillerie te Voet 4 battalions each of 6 companies
June 11th 1805 regiment of Artillerie te Voet 3 battalions each of 6 companies
June 11th 1805 A guard corps is raised with the title: Lijfwacht van zijne Excellentie der Heere Raad-Pensionaris
The artillery component consists of
1 company foot artillery

maandag 31 december 2018

The Swiss guard -Zwitserse garde- (Dutch flags 3)

Although normally when you hear Swiss Guard you think of the French or Papal Swiss guards, other  smaller countries as the Dutch Republick also had Guards of Swiss origin.

The Dutch Swiss guards were raised in 1749 although Swiss troops (regiments or independent companies) were already in Dutch service for years.

The Swiss Guard consisted in the FR period of two battalions , each of 4 companies of which the first (of the first battalion) was called the Leib company. This company wore the colonels flag; it is not know if the first company of the second battalion did the same or that this had just a company colour.

The Swiss Guard (as other Swiss in Dutch pay) didn't have a grenadier company but grenadiers were included in the companies itself. As the grenadiers formed probably a separate grenadier company in each battalion in the field, the amount of grenadiers in a company was appr 15 to 20 grenadiers.
According to Sabron in 1794 the field battalion of the Swiss was theoratically 504 men which I think was 7 companies (6 musketeers and 1 grenadier) so a company was appr 70 men.

Underneath are some pictures of the Swiss guard of the FR period.

As said the Swiss guard had a flag per company of which the first was the white colonels' one, other companies had regimental flags; it is not known if all those flags ( in total 8) were carried in the field.

The two flags are one the left the colonels flag, on the right the regimental.
Both pictures from the Landesmuseum in Zürich.

Sometimes is shown the colonels flag worn by a grenadier. This is possible as maybe the grenadier company in the field was the Leibcompany (?). Underneath a picture but the flag is a little bit different.

Notice the blue/white hanging bag on the bearskin. Normally, I think the bag would be in the colour of the lacing.
Also, which is different from Dutch grenadiers, is the hanging tail. Dutch grenadiers had the hair tucked under the bearskin cf the reglement. Maybe a mistake by the painter?




zaterdag 17 november 2018

French revolutionary game

I noticed I haven't posted some pictures of our (Alde Garde) FR games on the Crisis 2017 show and he Eindhoven show 2018.
So here are some:



                    










maandag 17 september 2018

pictures of dutch cavalry and infanterie

It is a pity that not all infantry units of the period are available but this was all I could find. O course the cavalry is dismounted. The plate are some years before the FR period so the names are sometimes different in the 1792-1795 period but the uniforms are the same.